Spider veins, so called because the “arms” of these tiny dilated blood vessels appear to project outward from a central denser area like the legs of a spider from its torso, are also called sunburst varicosities, for a similar reason, or telangiectasias (“broken” blood vessels). In fact, they are simply diminutive, thick venules (literally: little veins) that lie close to the surface of the skin. And because they principally carry deoxygenated blood (blood that is not saturated with oxygen needed by the tissues) they actually serve no useful function. Even nutrition-wise, it is the function of the the blood vessels hidden below the surface, within the dermis, that carry nutrients to the skin. In short, spider veins are just a plain, disfiguring nuisance.

The precise cause of these unwanted vessels is still the subject of investigation. However, we believe that they develop as a result of a complex interplay of genetic, hormonal and environmental factors. There is often a strong family history for their formation. You might find, for example, a mother, daughter and sister suffering the same problem. Elevated estrogen levels appear also to aggravate the problem. You might find that the condition worsens, for example, during pregnancy or while on birth control pills. It is also more common in people whose jobs require them to be on their feet a great deal, in overweight individuals, and in those who have sustained some kind of injury to the area, including blunt trauma, cuts, lacerations, or even surgical procedures.

Whatever they are called and however they come about, countless numbers of women and men want them gone. Despite the advent of lasers, sclerotherapy is still considered the gold standard treatment and the commonest method for getting rid of them. Sclero, literally means “scar,” and sclerotherapy works by irritating the lining of the unwanted blood vessels to such an extent that they collapse upon themselves and eventually scar over and disappear from view entirely. For this purpose, your doctor can choose from a number of different sclerosing agents, including super concentrated salt solution (hypertonic saline).

Very tiny, dense “mats” or conglomerations of red blood vessels, known as telangiectatic matting is difficult to treat with sclerotherapy and may respond better to laser therapy. On the other extreme, larger varicose blood vessels are best treated by such procedures as venous stripping and ligation, ambulatory phlebectomy and the newer radiofrequency surgical technique.

One of the major advantages of sclerotherapy is that it is fast and simple. A typical treatment session may take only about fifteen to thirty minutes depending upon the size of the area to be treated. A very tiny needle, smaller than most sewing needles, is inserted into the venule and the sclerosing material is then injected until it and the vessels in the region immediately surrounding it fade from view as the solution courses through. Each subsequent site is injected in a similar fashion until the entire area to be treated is completed. No anesthetic is typically required, although occasionally a topical anesthetic cream, such as EMLA or ELA-MAX may be applied. Some pricking, stinging or burning may accompany the injection. Doctors frequently cover the sites with compression bandages consisting of cotton balls that are taped in place and left for three days. Others also recommend that support hosiery be worn for several days or weeks afterward. A soothing anesthetic, moisturizing cream, such as Lida Mantle cream, may also be prescribed.

While some patients obtain satisfactory overall improvement after one treatment session, it is more common to require two or more treatments, spaced at four to six week intervals, to the same area in order to obtain a satisfactory cosmetic result. Each session can be expected to yield a 50 percent improvement in appearance, but of course the results are highly individual. And, unfortunately, eliminating existing blood vessels does nothing to prevent new ones from developing at a later date requiring additional treatment sessions. Individuals with diabetes, heart disease or circulatory problems are not considered good candidates for the procedure.

Some mild leg cramping, bruising or redness may occur following treatment, but patients typically return to work or social activities right away (ie. no “down time”). Clots that may need to be drained and temporary coffee-colored skin staining also sometimes occurs. Rare, but more severe reactions include the formation of clots, local or systemic allergic reactions, to the sclerosing solution, skin ulcerations and scarring. Thankfully, the latter complications are uncommon.

Young skin is smooth and has a youthful appearance – of course, it’s young. As children grow up and their bodies start to mature, so to does their skin – teenagers often get acne and in some cases this can even lead to permanent scaring on their faces.

But there is another less obvious aging process that has a long term rather than a short term effect on the health and vitality of our skin – the sun.

Did you know, that 50% of exposure to the sun is done before we are 20? As young kids, we spend vast amounts of time outside and play in the sun, on the beach, in the snow, on playgrounds and so on. The amount of UV radiation that our skin is exposed to is huge.

The effects of this exposure however, is not obvious except for the occasional sunburn, but once that heals, there is little evidence of long-term damage. That is unless you could look below the surface of the skin.

The damage of UV radiation is focused on the dermis of our skin, this is where it has the greatest impact and that is where the long-term damage accumulates. Yes, the damage is cumulative. More UV exposure, more damage.

The media has helped to promote awareness of the risks of skin cancer due to excessive exposure to the sun, but rarely do we hear about other factors, such as premature signs of aging of our skin. Break down of collage, dehydration, and so on.

Often it is not until we reach our late 20’s or early 30’s that we start seeing the first little fine lines and begin to think about our skin care on a more serious level. But by now, most of the damage has already been done and all we are doing is to try to prevent the inevitable.

So, what should we do? Well, the first step is to start educating our children. Babies are used to having creams and lotions put on their bodies. So why do we stop when the nappy period of their lives is over?

It is at this point that children should be encouraged to put natural creams and lotions on their bodies after they have a shower or a bath. From the time they go to kindergarten, if not earlier, they will be spending many hours outdoors and sure we use the sunscreens, hats and generally try to keep the sun off their bare skin, but at the same time, we should encourage the use of natural skin care creams and lotions to protect, nourish, hydrate and cleanse their young and tender skin.

For example, introducing your children to using natural soaps rather than the harsh, commercially available types, will help their skin maintain its natural pH balance and thus the skin’s Acid Mantel.

Of course when they get grease or oil on their skin you may need to use a more powerful cleaner, but there are plenty of natural soaps available for all skin cleansing jobs. Wildcrafted’s Heavenly Hand & Body Wash is perfectly able to get rid of stubborn dirt and grime and at the same time it is kind and nourishing to their skin.

Teach your children to use natural hand creams. The skin on our hands gets more ware and tear then any other part using a good hand cream will help to keep their skin soft, supple and healthy.

Teach them to use a natural moisturising cream on their face and on their body. Choose a natural moisturiser that’s suitable for Normal skin, as children do not tend to have oily or dry skin, this usually starts around the time of puberty.

Begin by making sure you have everything handy: a blow dryer and light hand-held diffuser, a small barreled curling iron, misting bottle (if you have natural curls), curl enhancing balm or mousse (if you need it), and a non-stiffening hair spray.

  1. Apply the curl enhancer / mousse to help enhance any natural curl. If you have a lot of natural curl, a misting bottle might be enough.
  2. Gently untangle your hair and create a part in it.
  3. Air dry your hair about 80% (use a towel if you are in a hurry).
  4. If you have a lot of natural curl, begin scrunching your hair with your fingers (misting frequently if you are using water).
  5. If you are using a blow dryer, push your fingers into the hair to lift at the roots.
  6. To add more volume, dry your hair upside down while continuing to scrunch with your fingers.
  7. If you have less natural curl, use a small barreled curling iron.
  8. Once you have it the way you like it, spray with a non-stiffening hairspray.

The Messy Up Do Hair

A popular hair style that is quick is the trendy messy up do. To accomplish this look:

  1. Brush out your hair to remove the tangles.
  2. Pull some of the hair up from the front of your face and secure it with a covered ponytail holder.
  3. Cover the holder with a hair clasp.
  4. At the nape of your neck, gather your hair into a loose ponytail and hold it in place with a hair tie.
  5. Twist the ponytail up to the crown of your head and secure the twist with long hair pins.
  6. Leave several (however many you like to see) of the ends of the twist loose and arrange them as you like.
  7. Pull some of the whippy ends loosely around your jaw to soften your jaw line.
  8. Hold the do in place with a non-stiffening hairspray.


Practicing these and other styles will allow you to change hair styles quickly. Before you know it, you will be able to race in the door, change hair style, and dash back out to your next appointment looking fresh and stylish in a matter of minutes.

To give a different look to these styles, change the color, size, or style of pins you use; also vary the other accessories. In the same amount of time, your hair style can look new and different.

Memorize these and other quick hair styling methods, so that you can look your best without spending a lot of time on your hair. Practice is the key that will allow you to quickly create hairstyles in minutes that are fresh and stylish every time.

The UV radiation produces the protective melanin pigments.

Why are melanin pigments considered protective? The melanin in the skin helps the body expel excess energy from further ultraviolet exposure. The excess energy can cause harm but, with the aid of melanin, this is removed from the body in the form of heat. The melanin can also deactivate the free radicals, which are infamous for their destructive action on the body.

Tanned skin prevents UVR injury.

Related to above findings, the authors reported that a tanned skin is less prone to blisters and sunburn. Blisters and sunburns are UVR damages that a skin sustains when the skin can no longer tolerate the UV it receives. A tanned skin has a higher tolerance of UV rays. Thus, having a tanned skin is similar to wearing a sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor of 3-5.

Tanning provides photo-protection.

When a person undergoes the tanning process, the stratum corneum layer of his skin is considerably thickened. With this thicker layer, the skin becomes less sensitive to the ultraviolet radiation. Such is called photo-protection. A person with pale white skin may not attain the dark olive color that he desires but his stratum corneum has achieved a certain thickness that gives him photo-protection.

Tanning elevates the skin’s repair capacity.

One of the greatest fears of people when they face tanning is the disease called skin cancer. But skin cancer only happens when a person abuses the tanning process. That is, he stays in the tanning bed longer than what is recommended by the manufacturer or the tanning salon professional. Skin cancer happens when too many damaged and abnormal cells are produced. With gradual and responsible tanning, the skin’s capacity to repair itself is actually enhanced. When the skin repairs itself, it gets rid off abnormal cells and fixes damage cells.

Both natural tan and acquired tan gives the same skin protection.

All the above-described protection obtained from a tanned skin is not limited to a natural tan. An acquired tanned skin can also provide the same protection.

Hair styles have become more and more whacky as time goes by, especially with the introduction of fluorescent colors and the like. You know, there must be a zillion ways to style our hair these days but I bet we all know at least one person that has a right style with the wrong face!

You see, not everyone’s face is the same shape, length, or width. Some faces are long and thin whereas others are round and wide, some are soft and others hard or angular in appearance. But a choosing the right hair style to suit your face does a lot more that just look good, it can bring out the best in your face too. A carefully chosen hairdo can help to bring out or draw away from certain facial characteristics.

Here’s what I’ve uncovered about faces and hair styles:

The thin face: Having curls or thick wavy hair at the sides will help to widen a narrow face.

The chubby round face: A simple side parting in the hair will slim down and appear to lengthen any moon face.

The caricature Chin (Strong or square): Short curly hair is best here or fullness at the crown. Both styles will take the attention away from the prominent chin.

The Narrow Chin: Longish hair here that is full at chin level will help to balance a narrow chin.

Large Snout: A big hairdo or upswept crown will make the nose much less noticeable.

The Triangular Head: Only a curly or wavy job will really soften a sharply defined cheekbone, nose or jaw line.

The High forehead: A horizontal line of full bangs (fringes) to cover the forehead will help to balance the face.

The Low Forehead: Simple vertical lines and a soft fullness around the crown area will appear to lengthen the face.

From a business point of view, the tanning salon should ideally be situated in a happening area in the town/city, where there is enough visibility and easy accessibility for the customers. An efficient ad campaign could backup the initiative by drawing in more customers in less time.

It is very important that the tanning salon must possess a good ambience facilitating an optimum comfort level to the customers. Hence, it would be a better idea to consider hiring the best of interior designers to lay down the plans for the salon interiors. The layout of the salon should ensure that there is sufficient space for every piece of equipment without any crowding, meanwhile allowing enough space for the free movement of both the staff and the customers. The lighting arrangements must be both aesthetical and efficient.

But a decent tanning salon interior amounts to only half the work. It needs to be equipped with all the latest tanning equipments and other accessories so that the salon can offer the best of services to the demography of the region, meanwhile living up to the competition posed by other salons operating in the region. It is important that you have the right equipments and all necessary technical backup.

If you have a computer to manage everything from book keeping to appointment books and inventory in the salon, make sure that all the required software and hardware is in place, and a technical person for trouble shooting in emergency situations, so that even if there is a problem, technical assistance is available at an arms length.

Now, the most inevitable aspect in any business, where there is direct interaction with the common man – Marketing and Advertisement department. While remaining within your limitations, make sure that you have a parallel advertising and marketing mechanism that markets the service and name of your salon.

Above all these factors, the ultimate success of any tanning salon will entirely depend upon the services it extends to its customers over a period of time. And as long as the customer remains the king, every entrepreneur who invests his/her money in starting a tanning salon business cannot afford to forget this fact.

How much time you are willing to spend every day fixing your hair? Include hair drying, hair straightening, hair curling, special conditioning, styling, etc. Be realistic about your lifestyle and hair grooming habits. If you don’t have the time, don’t get a high maintenance hair style.

Is your hair in good condition? Don’t plan on doing any sort of perms, hair straightening, extensions, bleaching if your hair is damaged or brittle.

Do you know what your face shape is? Your face shape is very important for selecting any hair style. What will look great on a square face shape might not look good at all on a round face. See HairResources.com for suggested hair styles for each face shape.

Are you generally happy with your hair stylist? Does your hair stylist give you instructions about how to style your hair at home? Do they address all of your concerns about your hair or hair style?

The hair stylist plays a vital role in the way your hair style will look from day to day. Sometimes you can leave the salon looking great–for a day or two. Then it’s all downhill after that. You need to get a hair style that YOU can make look great on your own. This can require special instructions from the hair stylist along with specific hair care products.

Do you know what hair styles you like and why you like them? If you explain to your stylist what you like about certain features of a hair style–i.e. long side-swept bangs or long layers in the back—the stylist may be able to add some of these features to your hair style even though the entire hair style may not be suited for your hair.

Avoid fizzy drinks

Carbonated drinks (including the diet variety and sparkling water) can cause your teeth to look older than they really are. These drinks are so highly acidic that they can actually dissolve the upper layers of the tooth. They contain high amounts of phosphorus – a mineral that can leach calcium from your bones if you consume too much and some scientists believe they can weaken your jawbone, increasing the chance of losing teeth.

Some researchers believe calcium is first robbed not from your hips or spine but from your jaw, leading to tooth loss. We see a number of young people who have the jaws of much older people, because of poor dietary habits such as drinking soda, along with not getting enough calcium.

Chew your food

Foods that work on the teeth like detergents are foods that require chewing. Apples, celery and carrots clean teeth naturally and foods such a spinach, lettuce and broccoli prevent staining by creating a film on the teeth that acts like a barrier. Major strainers will take their toll on your smile sooner of later, so steer clear of tea, coffee, red wine, and highly pigmented foods such as cherries and blueberries anything in fact, that will stain a white shirt.

Don’t take drugs

Ecstasy causes jaw clenching in users. A study found that 60 per cent of ecstasy users examined had worn their teeth through the enamel and into the underlying dentine, compared with only 11 per cent of non-users. As for cocaine rubbed on gums, it restricts blood flow, traumatizes the tissue and inhibits nutrition of the gums. Remember gums keep teeth in place.

Quit smoking

Smoking causes staining of the teeth and bad breath and increases the risk of oral cancer and gum disease, as it constricts blood flow to the gums. In fact, some gum specialists feel it’s not worth providing advanced treatment for gum disease in smokers, as there is very little chance of improvement. Smoking one pack a day for 10 years can cause a 10 per cent loss of bone support. Long term studies reveal that most tooth loss in 19 to 40 year olds is associated with smoking more than 15 cigarettes a day.

Beware Bleaching

A professionally applied whitening system will not damage teeth. But some over the counter bleaches are so acidic; they can cause surface loss and sensitivity.